英语语法(3)句子分类–并列句:五种并列连词详解

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由并列连词连接、含有两个或更多主谓结构的句子叫并列句。

  一、表示转折对比关系的并列连词

  1. but 但是,可是,而,却

  连接两个简单句,有时句中某些词可以省略;连接两个并列成分,可以放在一个句子的句首,后面不接逗号。

  例:I hope you don’t mind me asking, but where did you buy those shoes?

  2. yet 但是;尽管如此

  可连接两个句子,用逗号分开,也可在yet前加and,还可以放在一个句子的句首。

  例:The car is old, yet it is in good condition. 这辆车旧了,但车况很好。

  3. while 而,但是,可是,却

  while作连词用时,可表示对比或转折关系。

  例:I do every single bit of housework while my husband Bob just does the dishes now and then.

  二、表示因果关系的并列连词

  1. for 因为

  由并列连词for引导的分句常置于句子后部,而且常用逗号与前面的分句隔开。for分句主要是对前一分句补充说明理由或推断原因。for分句不能用来回答why问句。

  例:I did my best not to show pleasure, but what I was feeling was pure happiness, for my words had the power to make people laugh.

  2. so 因此

  可以连接两个句子,中间有时用逗号隔开;也可在so前加and;还可以放在一个句子的句首。

  例:The shop doesn’t open until 11 a.m., so it loses a lot of business.

  三、表示选择关系的连词or

  or连接并列成分时,意为“或者,还是”;用于否定句中,意为“也不”,这时不宜用and;还有“否则,要不然”之意,相当于otherwise。

  例:Would you like a cup of coffee or shall we get down to business right away?

  四、表示并列关系的并列连词

  1. and 和,同,与,又,并且

  例:Stand over there and you’ll be able to see it better.

  2. not only… but also… 不仅……而且

  例:Not only I but also Jane and Mary are tired of having one examination after another.

  3. neither… nor… 既不……也不

  例:They worked neither for fame nor for personal gains. 他们工作一不为名,二不为利。

  4. both… and… 既……又

  例:A man should have both courage and wisdom. 人既要有勇气又要有智慧。

  五、其他并列连词

  1. not… but… 不是……而是

  It was not the bones of an animal but of a human being. 这不是一只动物的骨头,而是人的骨头。

  2. rather than 而不是;与其……宁愿

  Rather than ride on a crowded bus, he always prefers to ride a bicycle.

  3. when 正当那时,相当于and at that time

  Jasmine was holidaying with her family in a wildlife park when she was bitten on the leg by a lion.

英语语法(3)句子分类--并列句:五种并列连词详解-ACG Fun资源站
英语语法(3)句子分类–并列句:五种并列连词详解
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